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Table of Contents for defending the faith page.


This page under construction  Browse this page periodically for new updates.  Apologetics and Evangelization are ongoing processes and daily exercises carried out through faith and apostolic work.

" Always be prepared to make a defense to any one who calls you to account for the hope that is in you, yet do it with gentleness and reverence;....."
1 Pet 3:15

Table of Contents



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Sing For The Babies, by John Sistare, Seminarian
On "In Vitro Fertilization", by John Sistare, Seminarian

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Infant Baptism
"Born Again" (Baptism) in the Church Fathers byPhil Porvaznik LINK


Birth Control

On "Humanae Vitae", by John Sistare, Seminarian



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Enneagram: A Modern Myth, by Fr. Mitch Pacwa, S.J.

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Evangelicals Who Journey East, by Fr. Ray Ryland



Academic Dissent: An Original Ecclesiology, by Joseph Costanzo S.J.
Problem of Dissent by Fr Adriano Garuti O.F.M


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A Response to Evangelicals, Catholics and Unity, by Art Kelly
Catholics, Protestants and History, by Marty Rothwell


The Catholic School on the Threshold of the Third Millennium



Q & A  by F.Valliere
The Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist link
Eucharist link
The Blessed Eucharist as a Sacrament link
The Blessed Eucharist as a Sacrifice link
Holy Communion link
Communion under Both Kinds link
Perpetual Adoration link
Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament link
Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament link
Eucharistic Devotion and the Real Presence link
The Blessed Sacrament is Truly Emmanuel link
The Eucharist and Evangelization link
Links to The Eucharist
The Early Christians Believed in the Real Presence link
The Real Presence and Perpetual Adoration, by Fr. John Hardon
Mysterum Fidei (Mystery of Faith) by Pope Paul VI
Dominicae Cenae (On the Mystery and Worship of the Eucharist ) by Pope John Paul II
The Holy Eucharist Is the Whole Christ, by Fr. John Hardon
Eucharistic Miracles link
Eucharist and Vatican II, The link
Easter and the Eucharist, by Fr. John Hardon
Modern Misconceptions About The Eucharist, by Fr. Regis Scanlon
Imitating Christ in the Eucharist, by Fr. John Hardon
Is Christ "Really" Among Us Today? by Regis Scanlon
Is The Eucharist Really Christ's Body and Blood? by Archbishop Michael J. Sheehan
The Eucharist: Source and Summit of Christian Spirituality by Mark Brumley
The Eucharist - Witness of the Fathers by Dom Jerome Gassner, O.S.B.
The Eucharist: To Be Loved, To Be Lived by Thomas J. Tobin
The Eucharist in John 6, by Dean Perri

Reverence towards....

Kneeling and Faith in the Eucharist, by Regis Scanlon
Reverence and the Eucharist, by Francis Valliere
On Reverence for the Eucharist, Pastoral Letter by Bishop John Keating
Devotion to the Holy Eucharist Advances Devotion to Jesus' Person, by Fr. John A. Hardon
The History of Eucharistic Adoration; Development of Doctrine in the Catholic Church, by Fr. John A. Hardon
Eucharistic Piety: A Strong Recommendation, by Fr Regis Scanlon
Standing or Kneeling During the Consecration? by Joseph Fessio, S.J



Twelve Painless Ways To Evangelize

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Relativism, Central Problem for Faith Today, by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger
The Imitation of Christ, by Thomas a Kempis (book)
On The Physical Death Of Jesus Christ
"How Do Catholics Hear The Gospel?" by Gary Michuta LINK
On The Augsburg Confession, by Fr. William Most
Being Catholic and Christian: Faith and Salvation LINK
The Dialogue of Saint Catherine of Siena Translated by Algar Thorold


Who are the REAL Feminists?, by Charles W. Colson
FEMINISM, by Dale O'Leary


Rule of the Friars Minor, by Pope Nicholas III, 1279 AD



A Letter to Dr John Ankerberg, by Steve Ray

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On Nature & the Economy of Grace by Rev Raymond T. Gawronski

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The Holocaust



Statement on Homosexuals Receiving the Eucharist, by Dr. George Pell, Archbishop of Melbourne, Australia
Always Our Children: Pastoral Message to Parents of Homosexual Children, Approved by the NCCB Administrative Committee September 10, 1997


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Inquisition, from the Catholic Encyclopedia

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Jehovah's Witnesses

Judge Rutherford, by Cathleen A. Koenig
History And Techniques Of The Jehovah's Witnesses
A Letter To A Jehovah's Witness by Francis J Valliere


Justification: "Faith Apart From Works is Barren", by Dave Armstrong
Catholic Teaching On Justification And Sanctification, by David J. Palm
Council of Trent: Canons on Justification
Justification in Catholic Teaching by James Akin LINK

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Liturgy, Ceremony, etc.

The Religious Habit, by Fr. Jay Finelli, LINK
General Instruction on the Roman Missal, book
Kneeling by Gerald Hofmann

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Our Lady In Doctrine and Devotion, by Fr. William G. Most


What if God....., submitted by Kristin Urra, author unknown


St. John Vianney on Temptation
The Desacralization of Venus by Christopher Derrick
"The Moral Question of Abortion" by Dr Steven Schwartz LINK

Moral Theologians And "Veritatis Splendor"

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A Priest Forever by Blessed Josemaria Escriva

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The Papacy

POPES THROUGH THE AGES, by Joseph Brusher S.J.
Papal Protection of the Jews Pope Gregory X 1272
Was Peter the First Pope? by Art Kelly
Was Peter the First Pope Part II? by Art Kelly

Primacy & Infallibility

A Light In The Darkness, by Fr Jay Finelli, LINK
The Primacy of the Pope in the Church, by Pedro Rodriguez
Why The Pope Rules By Russell Shaw

Pius XII and the Holocaust

Pius XII: Guilty as Charged? by Charles DeCelles
Pius XII and the Holocaust, A Catholic League Publication, LINK
Pius XII and the Holocaust, by Thomas Craughwell
Pope Pius XII And The Holocaust
Did Pius XII Remain Silent? by Fr. William Saunders
The Truth About Pope Pius XII, by Sister Margherita Marchione, Ph.D.

On Slavery

Papacy has Long Opposed Slavery, by Fritz Wenisch
Against Slavery, SUBLIMUS DEI, Pope Paul III
The Popes and Slavery: Setting the Record Straight, by Fr. Joel S. Panzer
On the Abolition of Slavery, IN PLURIMUS, Pope Leo XIII
On Slavery in the Missions, CATHOLICAE ECCLESIAE, Pope Leo XIII
On the Indians of South America, LACRIMABILI STATU, Pope Pius X
Condemning the Slave Trade, IN RUPREMO APOSTOLATUS, Pope Gregory XVI


Papal Writings

Pope Gregory IX

The Bull of Pope Gregory IX canonizing St. Francis of Assisi July 16, 1228

Pope Pius XI

Mortalium Animos "Threatening Doctrinal Error" by Pope Pius XI, 1928

Pope Pius XII

Communism and the Church in China (Ad Apostolorum Principis) Jun 29, 1958 LINK
Proclaiming the Queenship of Mary (Ad Caeli Reginam) October 11, 1954 LINK
On the SupraNationality of the Church (Ad Sinarum Gentem) October 7, 1954 LINK
Combatting Atheist (Propaganda Anni Sacri) Mar 12, 1950 LINK
Prayers for World Peace and the Solution of the Problems in Palestine (Auspicia Quaedam) May 1, 1948 LINK
Ending the 2nd World War (Communium Interpretes Doloraum) Apr 15, 1945 LINK
Lamenting the Sorrowful Events in Hungary & Condemning the Ruthless Use of Force (Datis Nuperrime) Nov 5, 1956 LINK
Should We Define the Assumption? (Deiparae Virginis Mariae) May 1, 1946 LINK
On Sacred Scripture (Divino Afflante Spiritu) Sept 30, 1943 LINK
On St. Bernard of Clairvaux, Last of the Fathers (Doctor Mellifluus) May 24, 1953 LINK
St. Boniface (Ecclesiae Fastos) Jun 5, 1954 LINK
Promotion of Catholic Missions (Evangelii Praecones) Jun 2, 1951 LINK
Ctholic Missions, Esp. in Africa (Fidei Donum) Apr 21, 1957 LINK
Proclaiming a Marian Year (Fulgens Corona) Sept 8, 1953 LINK
Brilliant Light of St. Benedict (Fulgens Radiatur) Mar 21, 1947 LINK
Draw Refreshing Water From the Sacred Heart (Haurietis Aquas) Sept 8, 1953 LINK
Current Problems (Humani Generis) Aug12, 1950 LINK
Prayers for Peace in Palestine (In Multiplicibus Curis) October 24, 1948 LINK
On Reciting the Rosary (Ingruentium Malorum) Sept 15, 1951 LINK
St. Andrew Bobola (Invicti Athletae) May 16, 1957 LINK
Pray for Peace in Poland, Hungary, and the Middle East (Laetamur Admodum) Nov 1, 1956 LINK
Against Materialism and Apparitions at Lourdes (Le Pelerinage De Lourdes) Jul 2, 1957 LINK
Prayers for Peace and Freedom of Hungary (Luctuosissimi Eventus) October 28, 1956 LINK
On the Sacred Liturgy (Mediator Dei) Nov 20, 1947 LINK
Prayers for the Persecuted Church (Meminisse Iuvat) Jun 14, 1958 LINK
Crusade for Prayers for Peace (Mirabile Illud) Dec 6, 1950 LINK
On the Communication Fields: Movies, Television, and Radio (Miranda Prorsus) Sept 8, 1957 LINK
Defining the Dogma of the Assumption (Munificentissimus Deus) Nov 1, 1950 LINK
Sacred Music (Musicae Sacrae) Dec 25, 1955 LINK
The Mystical Body of Christ, the Church (Mystici Corporis) Jun 29, 1943 LINK
Prescribing Public Prayers for Social and World Peace (Optatissima Pax) Dec 18, 1947 LINK
250th Anniversary of Reunion of the Ruthenian Church with Rome (Orientales Omnes Ecclesiae) Dec 23, 1945 LINK
On St. Cyril, Patriarch of Antioch (Orientalis Ecclesiae) Apr 9, 1944 LINK
Pleading for Care for the World's Destitute Children (Quemadmodum) Jan 6, 1946 LINK
On Holy Places in Palestine (Redemptoris Nostri Cruciatus) Apr 15, 1949 LINK
On Holy Virginity (Sacra Virginitas) Mar 25, 1954 LINK
On the Eighth Centenary of the Independance of Portugal (Saeculo Exeunte Octavo) Jun 13, 1940 LINK
On the the Council of Chalcedon (Sempiternus Rex Christus) Sept 8, 1951 LINK
150th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Hierarchy in the USA (Sertum Laetitiae) October 7, 1954 LINK
A Call For Public Prayers for Peace (Summi Maeroris) Jul 19, 1950 LINK
On the Unity of Human Society (Summi Pontificatus) October 10, 1939 LINK
Thoughts for the Clergy of the World (Menti Nostrae) Sept 23, 1960 LINK
Applied Psychology Apr 10, 1958 LINK
The States Of Perfection Dec 12, 1957 LINK
Guiding Principles Of The Lay Apostolate October 5, 1957 LINK
On Laws of Fasting and Evening Mass Sacram Communionem (Holy Communion) Mar 19, 1957 LINK
Canonisation Of St Pius X (Si Diligis) May 31, 1954 LINK
On Psychotherapy And Religion Apr 13,1953 LINK
Concerning the Discipline to be Observed with Respect to the Eucharistic Fast (Christus Dominus) Jan 6, 1953 LINK
The Moral Limits Of Medical Research And Treatment Sept 14, 1952 LINK
The Function Of Art Apr 8, 1952 LINK
The Proofs For The Existence Of God In The Light Of Modern Natural Science Nov 22, 1951 LINK
Counsel To Teaching Sisters Sept 15, 1951 LINK
Papal Directives For The Woman Of Today Sept 11, 1947 LINK
On Rural Life Nov 15, 1946 LINK
Democracy And A Lasting Peace Dec 25, 1944 LINK
The Internal Order Of States And People Dec 25, 1942  LINK

Pope Paul VI

Address During The Last General Meeting Of Vatican II Dec, 7, 1965 LINK
Mother of Christ (Christi Matri) Sept 15, 1966 LINK
Confronting The Devil's Power Nov 15, 1972 LINK
Credo Of The People Of God Jun 30, 1968 LINK
Implementing Four Council Decrees (Ecclesiae Sanctae) 6, 1966 LINK
Paths of the Church (Ecclesiam Suam) Aug 6, 1964 LINK
Election Of The Roman Pontiff October 1, 1975 LINK
Evangelization in the Modern World (Evangelii Nuntiandi) Dec 8, 1975 LINK
On Christian Joy (Gaudete In Domino) May 9, 1975 LINK
General Catechetical Directory Apr 11, 1971 LINK
On the Regulation of Human Births (Humanae Vitae) Jul 25, 1968 LINK
On the Revision of Indulgences (Indulgentiarum Doctrina) Jan 1, 1967 LINK
On the Admission of Women to the Priesthood (Inter Insigniores) October 15, 1976 LINK
Right Ordering and Development of Devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary (Marialis Cultus) Feb 2, 1974 LINK
In the Month of May (Mense Maio) Apr 30, 1965 LINK
Promulgation of Revised Missal (Missale Romanum) Apr 3, 1969 LINK
On the Doctrine and Worship of the Eucharist (Mysterium Fidei) Sept 3, 1965 LINK
On Religious Life May 23, 1964 LINK
On Penance (Paenitemini) Feb 17, 1966 LINK
Pastoral Norms For General Sacramental Absolution Jun 16, 1972 LINK
Powers and Priviliges of the Bishop (Pastorale Munus) Nov 30, 1963 LINK
On the Progression of Peoples (Populorum Progressio) Mar 26, 1967 LINK
Renewal Of The Religious Life Jun 29, 1971 LINK
On Priestly Celibacy (Sacerdotalis Caelibatus) Jun 24, 1967 LINK
On the Sacred Liturgy (Sacram Liturgiam) Jan 25, 1964 LINK
On Restoring the Permenant Diaconate (Sacrum Diaconatus Ordinem) Jun 18, 1967 LINK
Vatican Council II Closing Speech Dec 8, 1965 LINK
St Mary: A Great Sign (Signum Magnum) May 13, 1967 LINK
The Eightieth Anniversary Of "Rerum Novarum" May 14, 1971 LINK
The Sacrament Of Anointing Of The Sick Nov 30, 1972 LINK
Who Belongs to the Church (Voi Forse Sapete) Jun 1, 1966 LINK

Pope John Paul II

On Combatting Abortion and Euthanasia May 19, 1991.LINK
Augustine of Hippo (Augustinum Hipponensem) August 28, 1986.LINK
Catechesis in our Time (Catechesi Tradendae) 1979 LINK
On the Catholic Universities 1989 LINK
The Vocation and Mission of the Lay Faithful in the Church and in the World (Christifideles Laici) December 30, 1988 LINK
Christmas Message to Children December 15, 1994. LINK
John Paul II to All Consecrated Persons Marian Year LINK
"Cure of Ars" 1986 LINK
On the Mystery and Worship of the Eucharist (Dominicae Cenae) February 24, 1980 LINK
Ecclesia Dei Feb 7, 1988 LINK
Freedom of Conscience and Religion 1980  LINK
Letter to Families February 2, 1994  LINK
On Human Work (Laborem Exercens) 1981  LINK
Dignity and Vocation of Women (Mulieris Dignitatem) 1988.  LINK
Negotiation-Solution to War 1982  LINK
To the Eastern Churches (Orientale Lumen) May 2, 1995  LINK
I Will Give You Shepherds (Pastores Dabo Vobis) March 25, 1992  LINK
John Paul II to Priests, Holy Thursday 1988  LINK
St. Joseph: Guardian of the Redeemer (Redemptoris Custos) August 15, 1989.   LINK
Mother of the Redeemer (Redemptoris Mater) 1987  LINK
On the Permanent Validity of the Church's Missionary Mandate (Redemptoris Missio) December 7, 1990  LINK
The Christian Meaning of Human Suffering (Salvifici Doloris) LINK
On Ecclesial Universities and Faculties (Sapientia Christiana) April 29, 1979   LINK
On Social Concerns (Sollicitudo Rei Socialis) 1987.  LINK
Truth in the Magisterium (Con Viva) 1988  LINK
The Inalienable Rights of the Disabled Nov 21, 1993  LINK
Disarmament (to United Nations) 1988  LINK
Consciences Must Be Formed to Discern the Objective Moral Law
Courageously Preach the Truth Without Yielding to Compromise
Faith on Earth




Liberalism Is A Sin, by Fr. Don Felix Sarda Y Salvany
The Christian Personalism of Jacques Maritain, By Dr. Donald DeMarco
On Spiritual Intuition In Christian Philosophy by Christopher Dawson
Religious Freedom, Truth, And American Liberalism:, by David L. Schindle
What is Man, by Jacques Maritain


Always Our Children: Pastoral Message to Parents of Homosexual Children, Approved by the NCCB Administrative Committee September 10, 1997
The Story of a Repentant Psychologist


Treatise on Purgatory, by St. Catherine of Genoa
How To Explain Purgatory To A Protestant, LINK

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Condemning The Errors Of Martin Luther, Pope Leo X
Martin Luther (1483-1546) by Erik Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn

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Sacred Scripture


The Church or the Bible?, by Rev Arnold Damen, S.J. ca. 1880 AD


St Therese, by Rev John A. Sistare, November 4, 2000


Meditations of St. Francis De Sales
Lectio Divina and the Practice of Teresian Prayer, by Sam Anthony Morello, OCD

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THE SEVEN WORDS ON THE CROSS, by St Robert Bellarmine


Tradition, Bible or Both?

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